This is the church’s legal name as given by the Church Commissioners.
A classification of the current status of the building
This is a unique identification number supplied to each church building by the Church Commissioners.
Name of diocese in which the church building is located at the time of entry.
Name of archdeaconry in which the church building is located at the time of entry
This is the legal name of the parish as given by the Church Commissioners.
Please enter a number
The decision to put a church building on the National Heritage List for England and assign it a listing grade is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is normally based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on the historic environment.
The decision to schedule a feature (building, monument, archaeological remains, etc.) located within the church building’s precinct or churchyard is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on cultural heritage.
National Parks are areas of countryside that include villages and towns, which are protected because of their beautiful countryside, wildlife and cultural heritage. In England, National Parks are designated by Natural England, the government’s advisor on the natural environment.
Conservation areas are places of special architectural or historic interest where it is desirable to preserve and enhance the character and appearance of such areas. Conservation Areas are designated by the Local Council.
The Heritage at Risk programme is run and managed by Historic England, the government’s advisor on cultural heritage. It aims to protect and manage the historic environment, so that the number of ‘at risk’ historic places and sites across England are reduced.
Selecting a single date for the construction of a church building can sometimes be very difficult as most CoE buildings have seen many phases of development over time. The CHR allows you to record a time period rather than a specific date.
The CHR records the time period for the building’s predominant fabric as opposed to the date of the earliest fabric or the church’s foundation date.
It seems to be the wrong photograph. Provided coordinates come up with another church on geograph.org.uk
2011, April 06
ICBS File Number - 07210
Coverage - 1879
Created by VEALL, James Read: b. c.1824 - d. 1898
Coverage - 1871
Coverage - 1870
Created by ?VEALL, James Read: b. c.1824 - d. 1898;LOVATT, Henry: fl. 1870-1878 of Staffordshire
Coverage - 1878-1879
Coverage - 1881
If you notice any errors with the below outlines of your connected churchyards, please email firstname.lastname@example.org with the corrections needed.
This could include information on new churchyards, edits to the boundaries shown, or different land characteristics.
We are working on adding the consecrated land found within local authority cemeteries, and in time, this data will be shown on the map.
The administrative area within which the church is located.
This field describes the setting of the church building, i.e. the surroundings in which the church building is experienced, and whether or not it makes a positive or negative contribution to the significance of the building.
The church is located in Caldmore, a residential area a mile south from the centre of Walsall and eight miles north-west of Birmingham. The site is on the corner of St Michael Street and Bath Street. St Michael Street, which runs along the north side of the churchyard descends to the west and is lined with small red brick terrace houses. The area lies to the western edge of the Highgate Conservation Area of old mill and factory buildings, now mostly flats, and is located on a high ridge characterised by winding roads.
The church has a small curtilage, which rises from west to east, with mature, protected, trees to the north and east sides. There are no burials. There is a paved area in the north-west corner. The north and east boundaries are marked by iron railings on top of a dwarf wall which is stepped along the north side. The south boundary is overgrown and backs onto a tarmac area. Attached to the west is an unlisted but attractive red brick vicarage built in 1877. A communal garden is being laid out directly to the south, and to the south-west a large new school is under construction. There is a women’s advice centre in a building owned by the church directly to the south, with car park.
Provide as written description of the ground plan of the church building and well as its dimensions.
5-bay aisled nave with clerestory. Domed apsidal east end. 2-storey west porch and vestry. Vestry and chapel to north.
[Approximate] Nave 25m 85ft) x 10m (35ft), chancel 8m (25ft)
Very Large (>1000m2)
This field aims to record the archaeological potential of the wider area around the building and churchyard, as well as the history of site.
The area around the village of Caldmore used to be countryside south of Walsall. Maps show fields until 1845, with the main settlement at Caldmore village, which was inhabited by the 14th Century. Caldmore had four metal workers in 1770. The area close to the church was developed in the 1830s/early 1840s, the landowner Lord Bradford granted building leases. By the 1860s leather working was important. The middle classes moved out into larger houses. Land continued to be released by Lord Bradford, though maps show still rural character towards the end of the 19th Century.
The church was established by Rev John Fenwick Laing [1830-1931], a high churchman, who held mission services in a small cottage near Caldmore Green in 1866 and the following year transferred services to a Church school to accommodate growing numbers. Further increase resulted in the decision to build a new church building. A local man, Thomas Marlow, donated land and money towards the total cost. A local architect from Wolverhampton, James Read Veall [1824/5-1898] designed the building. Construction began in 1870 and the first phase of works, including an apsidal chancel and nave, was completed by 1871.
ICBS files record the approval of three grants towards each phase of work on the church: for the design and first phase of building, for the addition of a north aisle 1878-9, and for a south aisle in 1880-1. A Lady Chapel was also added by 1885. An image attributed to Veall shows a proposed drawing of the building, with a south-west tower, never built. On the north side is a gabled vestry and a chapel, both added in the 1920s.
An enlarged organ was installed in 1888 and a west porch and vestry in 1896. The adjacent vicarage was built in 1913 by the vicar’s sister. On his death, Father Laing transferred the vicarage to the Diocesan Committee. Father Laing opened a mission hall in Palfrey, called All Saints, later St Mary and All Saints.
A severe fire in 1964 began behind the organ and spread destroying the chancel and nave roofs, organ, screen as well as damaging murals on the walls (around chancel arch). During the reconstruction a steel roof replaced the original timber roof. 32 of 38 stained windows were saved. 10 clerestory windows were reset with plain glass. Two super altars were removed. New choir stalls were installed. An original pipe organ was replaced by a Compton electric organ. The church was reconsecrated in 1967. A new Church Hall opened in 1969. The Lady Chapel was decorated with murals in the 1990s.
The archaeological potential of the site is low. The building is within a conservation area and the mature trees are protected.
This field aims to record a written description of the exterior of the church building and the churchyard.
The west porch is of two storeys and two bays, and has a moulded pointed north doorway. The aisled nave is of five bays, separated by buttresses and with plate tracery of two cusped lancet lights with cinquefoil in the heads. The clerestory windows are paired lancets. The apse has three lancet windows with cinquefoil heads. Domed apsidal Lady Chapel on south side with single pointed lights and a plain pointed doorway in west bay.
This field is an index of the building and its major components
This field is an index of the building’s material composition
This field aims to record a written description of the interior of the church building.
The interior is broad and bright, with light stained glass in every window, modern replacements found in the chancel apse. The nave arcades have pointed sandstone moulded arches carried on round columns with foliated capitals, each paid for by a member of the congregation. The clerestory windows each have a central inner banded shaft with foliated capital. The nave and aisles have quarry tiles with decorative central aisle and borders and heating grilles.
There is a dais with nave altar. The ribbed wagon roof of the chancel replaced the original one destroyed in 1964. The windows of the apse are flanked by narrow shafts. High altar decorated with paintings – theme repeated in modern stained glass windows above the High Altar. South wall has carved oak sedilia. Modern choir stalls. Sanctuary with herringbone woodblock floor, ceiling of ribbed and painted timber. The Lady Chapel has carpet over a stone floor, a half dome stained boarded ceiling, and murals of 1982.
This field is an index of the building’s internal, architectural components. This includes its internal spaces and those areas’ fixtures and fittings (building components which are securely fixed to the church or cathedral).
This field is an index of the building’s movable, non-fixed furnishings and artworks.
This field aims to record a description of the ecology of the churchyard and surrounding setting.
The everyday wildlife of burial grounds means much to those who visit and cherish them but many burial grounds are so rich in wildlife that they should be designated and specially protected. Few have the legal protection of a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) or, in the case of local authority owned cemeteries, Local Nature Reserve. This makes it even more important that they are cared for and protected by the people looking after them.
Many have a non-statutory designation as a recognition of their importance. These non-statutory designations have a variety of names in different regions including Local Wildlife Site, County Wildlife Site, Site of Importance for Nature Conservation or Site of Nature Conservation Importance (Local Wildlife Site is the most common name). Their selection is based on records of the most important, distinctive and threatened species and habitats within a national, regional and local context. This makes them some of our most valuable wildlife areas.
For example, many burial grounds which are designated as Local Wildlife Sites contain species-rich meadow, rich in wildflowers, native grasses and grassland fungi managed by only occasional mowing plus raking. When this is the case, many animals may be present too, insects, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals. This type of grassland was once widespread and has been almost entirely lost from the UK with approximately 3% remaining, so burial grounds with species-rich meadow managed in this way are extremely important for wildlife.
These designations should be considered when planning management or change.
If you think that this or any other burial ground should be designated please contact Caring for God’s Acre (email@example.com) to discuss. Many eligible sites have not yet received a designation and can be surveyed and then submitted for consideration.
There are no SSSIs within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
There are no Local nature reserves within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
There are no Local Wildlife sites within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
This field aims to record any evidence of the presence of bats in the church building or churchyard.
This field records basic information about the presence of a churchyard and its use as a burial ground.
There are no Listed Buildings within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
There are no Scheduled Monuments within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
Churchyards are home to fantastic trees, in particular ancient and veteran trees which can be the oldest indication of a sacred space and be features of extraordinary individuality. The UK holds a globally important population of ancient and veteran yew trees of which three-quarters are found in the churchyards of England and Wales.
There are more than 1,000 ancient and veteran yews aged at least 500 years in these churchyards.
To put this in context, the only other part of western Europe with a known significant yew population is Normandy in northern France, where more than 100 ancient or veteran churchyard yews have been recorded.
Burial grounds may contain veteran and ancient trees of other species such as sweet chestnut or small-leaved lime which, whilst maybe not so old as the yews, are still important for wildlife and may be home to many other species.
Specialist advice is needed when managing these wonderful trees. For more information or to seek advice please contact Caring for God’s Acre, The Ancient Yew Group and The Woodland Trust.
If you know of an ancient or veteran tree in a burial ground that is not listed here please contact Caring for God’s Acre.
There are currently no Ancient, Veteran or Notable trees connected to this Closed Church
This field is an index of the churchyard’s components.
Significance is the whole set of reasons why people value a church, whether as a place for worship and mission, as an historic building that is part of the national heritage, as a focus for the local community, as a familiar landmark or for any other reasons.
This information forms part of the Shrinking the Footprint project.
All of the species listed below have been recorded in close proximity to the
. A few species which are particularly threatened and affected by disturbance may not be listed here because their exact location cannot be shared.
NOTE: Be aware that this dataset is growing, and the species totals may change once the National Biodiversity Network has added further records. Species may be present but not recorded and still await discovery.
Caring for God’s Acre is a conservation charity working to support groups and individuals to investigate, care for, and enjoy the wildlife and heritage treasures found within churchyards and other burial grounds. Look on their website for information and advice and please contact their staff directly. They can help you manage this churchyard for people and wildlife.
To learn more about all of the species recorded against this church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas. You can check the spread of records through the years, discovering what has been recorded and when, plus what discoveries might remain to be uncovered.
If any of the following species have been seen close to the Closed Church, it is important to seek advice from an expert. You will need to know if they are present now, and to follow expert recommendations when planning works. All of these species have specific legal protection as a recognition of their rarity. All of them are rare or becoming increasingly endangered, so it is important to ensure that management and other works do not adversely affect them. In addition, there may be things you can do to help these special species. N.B. Swift and House Martin do not have specific legal protection but are included, as roof repair works often impact breeding swifts and house martins which is against the law.
This is not a complete list of protected species, there are many more, but these are ones that are more likely to be found. All wild birds, their nests and eggs are also protected by law, as are all bats and veteran trees. In a few cases, species are considered particularly prone to disturbance or destruction by people, so the exact location of where they were recorded is not publicly available but can be requested. These ‘blurred’ records are included here, and the accuracy is to 1km. This means that the species has been recorded in close proximity to the
Closed Church, or a maximum of 1km away from it. As these ‘blurred’ species are quite mobile, there is a strong likelihood that they can occur close to the
Closed Church. To learn about these special species, use the link provided for each species in the table below
One important species which is not included here is the Peregrine Falcon. This is protected and advice should be sought if peregrines are nesting on a church or cathedral. Peregrine records are ‘blurred’ to 10km, hence the decision not to include records here. Remember too that species not seriously threatened nationally may still be at risk in your region and be sensitive to works. You should check with local experts about this. You may also need to seek advice about invasive species, such as Japanese knotweed and aquatics colonising streams or pools, which can spread in churchyards.
N.B. If a species is not recorded this does not indicate absence. It is always good practice to survey.
Caring for God’s Acre can help and support you in looking after the biodiversity present in this special place. If you know that any of these species occur close to the
Closed Church and are not recorded here, please contact Caring for God’s Acre with details (firstname.lastname@example.org).
To find out more about these and other species recorded against this
Closed Church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas.
The church was the centre of many people’s lives and remains a guide to their cares and concerns. Glimpses into those lives have often come down to us in the stories we heard as children or old photographs discovered in tattered shoe boxes. Perhaps your ancestors even made it into local legend following some fantastic event? You can choose to share those memories with others and record them for future generations on this Forum.
Tell us the story of this building through the lives of those who experienced it. Tell us why this church is important to you and your community.
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