This is the church’s legal name as given by the Church Commissioners.
A classification of the current status of the building
This is a unique identification number supplied to each church building by the Church Commissioners.
Name of diocese in which the church building is located at the time of entry.
Name of archdeaconry in which the church building is located at the time of entry
This is the legal name of the parish as given by the Church Commissioners.
Please enter a number
The decision to put a church building on the National Heritage List for England and assign it a listing grade is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is normally based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on the historic environment.
The decision to schedule a feature (building, monument, archaeological remains, etc.) located within the church building’s precinct or churchyard is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on cultural heritage.
National Parks are areas of countryside that include villages and towns, which are protected because of their beautiful countryside, wildlife and cultural heritage. In England, National Parks are designated by Natural England, the government’s advisor on the natural environment.
Conservation areas are places of special architectural or historic interest where it is desirable to preserve and enhance the character and appearance of such areas. Conservation Areas are designated by the Local Council.
The Heritage at Risk programme is run and managed by Historic England, the government’s advisor on cultural heritage. It aims to protect and manage the historic environment, so that the number of ‘at risk’ historic places and sites across England are reduced.
Selecting a single date for the construction of a church building can sometimes be very difficult as most CoE buildings have seen many phases of development over time. The CHR allows you to record a time period rather than a specific date.
The CHR records the time period for the building’s predominant fabric as opposed to the date of the earliest fabric or the church’s foundation date.
If you notice any errors with the below outlines of your connected churchyards, please email firstname.lastname@example.org with the corrections needed.
This could include information on new churchyards, edits to the boundaries shown, or different land characteristics.
We are working on adding the consecrated land found within local authority cemeteries, and in time, this data will be shown on the map.
The administrative area within which the church is located.
This field describes the setting of the church building, i.e. the surroundings in which the church building is experienced, and whether or not it makes a positive or negative contribution to the significance of the building.
Compton Wynyates stands in the southern part of the County of Warwick, close to the Oxfordshire border. The house, once known as Compton-in-the-Hole, stands in an idyllic sheltered position in a bowl of low hills which are landscaped all round it. There is now no village, but the church stands in front of the house and to one side, at an angle, within a churchyard bounded by a low stone wall which encloses a number of headstones and tomb-chests of local ironstone dating from the late seventeenth century onwards.
Provide as written description of the ground plan of the church building and well as its dimensions.
West tower; the remainder of the church is a rectangle bisected lengthwise by an arcade of four bays. There is no separate chancel, porch or subsidiary building.
Very Large (>1000m2)
This field aims to record the archaeological potential of the wider area around the building and churchyard, as well as the history of site.
The church was built on an ancient site after its predecessor had been destroyed during the Civil War. The new church was erected by James, Third Earl of Northampton, in 1665 (as the rainwater heads testify), although the base of the tower may incorporate earlier fabric. There have been no later additions or alternations.
This field aims to record a written description of the exterior of the church building and the churchyard.
The tower is of three stages with plain weathered stringcourses and a moulded plinth. At the corners are diagonal buttresses of three stages with weatherings. These die at the top of the middle stage and for the top stage take the form of narrower diagonal pilasters divided into panels by horizontal moulded strips. The lower two stages are blind on all sides, either because defence was still in the mind of the builder in 1665 or because this was necessary to stablilise the re-used fabric of the previous tower. On the south face between two stone scrolls there is a rainwater head inscribed "I N 1665" together with the Compton crest of a flaming beacon. The position of this so low on the building is explained by the odd arrangment of drainage of the valley gutter between the naves, the western half of which directs water through a channel in the tower to emerge at this point. The uppermost stage has bell openings in the south, west and north sides and an access door above the valley gutter of the naves on the east side. The bell openings are of two trefoil-headed lights and a plain spandrel within a pointed head outlined by a hood with round volute stops enclosing grinning faces. The jambs and heads have continuous hollow mouldings and the lights are filled with pierced stone slabs rather than louvres. The parapet is embattled with continuous moulded copings to the merlons and the stringcourse has large decorative gargoyles at the angles and intermediate grotesque carvings through which water drains off the roof. Below the stringcourse is a band of decoration in shallow relief taking the form of a series of stylised Ms with hooked ends.
The body of the church is rectangular, four bays in length and set under two parallel gabled roofs of extremely steep pitch. The basic features are symmetrical, but the south wall which faces the house is more decoratively treated. Windows are few in number, and in the side walls are placed in the two central bays. Each window is of four lights, the trefoil-headed lights of equal height. The two windows on the north are divided by a later wedge shaped buttress. In the two east gables are two more windows, these being taller and each of three trefoil-headed lights under segmental heads with transoms also in the shape of trefoiled arches. The external hoodmoulds have diamond shaped volute stops enclosing small carved grinning faces. The wall is of ashlar and the twin gables have moulded copings and bases for crosses at the apex. The diagonal buttresses at the angles appear to be original work of 1665 but the additional three against the east wall on each side of the windows are later. A rainwater head above the central buttress which drains the eastern half of the valley gutter is inscribed like that on the tower.
While the north wall of the nave is plain, the south wall has several enrichments which, unlike the basically gothic forms of the windows, are classical in origin. To begin with it is divided into four bays of shallow pilaster strips, and the upper courses are given some simple mouldings to create the impression of an entablature. The applied decoration is less orthodox. The pilasters are embellished with lozenges just below the first moulding, which contain in two cases smiling faces of rather sunlike character, while in the middle one there are two cherubs heads, one in the upper corner and the other in the lower. Above the lozenges are cartouches flanked by scrolling ornament of just the sort rediscovered in Edwardian architecture and used on banks and department stores about the turn of the century. The left-hand window has rather Mannerist faces carved on the stops of the label and the right hand window has more idiotically grinning faces. There are stylised leaves in the spandrels of the trefoiled window arches.
The south doorway is in the western bay of this wall and has a round head and rather broad proportions. The jambs and arch are rusticated without imposts, and the keystone has a small cartouche and a pendant drop below, with a short length of egg-and-dart between it and the keystone proper. On the wall at each side of the doorway are single stylised Ms like those below the tower parapet, suggesting that there must be some symbolic reference in their use.
This field is an index of the building and its major components
This field is an index of the building’s material composition
This field aims to record a written description of the interior of the church building.
The floor of the church is paved with stone and the walls are plastered and whitewashed. Each nave has a barrel-vault, also of plaster, and these were originally painted with representations of Night (in the south nave) and Day (in the north nave) until their removal in 1911 as being too decayed to restore. The walls of the north and south naves have moulded wooden cornices along the length of the church. The naves are divided by a four-bay arcade which, like the windows, is predominantly Gothic in feeling with quatrefoil pillars and a semi-quatrefoil impost against the east wall behind the communion table. Most of the capitals are moulded, but one has rather simplified egg-and-dart enrichment. The arches have double chamfers and are outlined by moulded hoods. At the west end the arcade meets the tower doorway, and the west half of this arch is therefore supported on a boss which interrupts the moulded surround of the doorway. The boss has a cross on the convex underside with two different leaf patterns in relief in the four quarters. The arms of the cross have scrolling ends.
Within the tower there is a seventeenth-century oak staircase rising round the four walls, beginning with the north where there is a plain newel post at the foot with a flat circle finial. Access from the bell-chamber to the roof is by a stone spiral stair within the thickness of the north-west angle.
This field is an index of the building’s internal, architectural components. This includes its internal spaces and those areas’ fixtures and fittings (building components which are securely fixed to the church or cathedral).
This field is an index of the building’s movable, non-fixed furnishings and artworks.
This field aims to record a description of the ecology of the churchyard and surrounding setting.
The everyday wildlife of burial grounds means much to those who visit and cherish them but many burial grounds are so rich in wildlife that they should be designated and specially protected. Few have the legal protection of a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) or, in the case of local authority owned cemeteries, Local Nature Reserve. This makes it even more important that they are cared for and protected by the people looking after them.
Many have a non-statutory designation as a recognition of their importance. These non-statutory designations have a variety of names in different regions including Local Wildlife Site, County Wildlife Site, Site of Importance for Nature Conservation or Site of Nature Conservation Importance (Local Wildlife Site is the most common name). Their selection is based on records of the most important, distinctive and threatened species and habitats within a national, regional and local context. This makes them some of our most valuable wildlife areas.
For example, many burial grounds which are designated as Local Wildlife Sites contain species-rich meadow, rich in wildflowers, native grasses and grassland fungi managed by only occasional mowing plus raking. When this is the case, many animals may be present too, insects, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals. This type of grassland was once widespread and has been almost entirely lost from the UK with approximately 3% remaining, so burial grounds with species-rich meadow managed in this way are extremely important for wildlife.
These designations should be considered when planning management or change.
If you think that this or any other burial ground should be designated please contact Caring for God’s Acre (email@example.com) to discuss. Many eligible sites have not yet received a designation and can be surveyed and then submitted for consideration.
There are no SSSIs within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
There are no Local nature reserves within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
There are no Local Wildlife sites within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
This field aims to record any evidence of the presence of bats in the church building or churchyard.
This field records basic information about the presence of a churchyard and its use as a burial ground.
There are no Scheduled Monuments within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
Churchyards are home to fantastic trees, in particular ancient and veteran trees which can be the oldest indication of a sacred space and be features of extraordinary individuality. The UK holds a globally important population of ancient and veteran yew trees of which three-quarters are found in the churchyards of England and Wales.
There are more than 1,000 ancient and veteran yews aged at least 500 years in these churchyards.
To put this in context, the only other part of western Europe with a known significant yew population is Normandy in northern France, where more than 100 ancient or veteran churchyard yews have been recorded.
Burial grounds may contain veteran and ancient trees of other species such as sweet chestnut or small-leaved lime which, whilst maybe not so old as the yews, are still important for wildlife and may be home to many other species.
Specialist advice is needed when managing these wonderful trees. For more information or to seek advice please contact Caring for God’s Acre, The Ancient Yew Group and The Woodland Trust.
If you know of an ancient or veteran tree in a burial ground that is not listed here please contact Caring for God’s Acre.
There are currently no Ancient, Veteran or Notable trees connected to this Closed Church
This field is an index of the churchyard’s components.
Significance is the whole set of reasons why people value a church, whether as a place for worship and mission, as an historic building that is part of the national heritage, as a focus for the local community, as a familiar landmark or for any other reasons.
This information forms part of the Shrinking the Footprint project.
All of the species listed below have been recorded in close proximity to the
. A few species which are particularly threatened and affected by disturbance may not be listed here because their exact location cannot be shared.
NOTE: Be aware that this dataset is growing, and the species totals may change once the National Biodiversity Network has added further records. Species may be present but not recorded and still await discovery.
Caring for God’s Acre is a conservation charity working to support groups and individuals to investigate, care for, and enjoy the wildlife and heritage treasures found within churchyards and other burial grounds. Look on their website for information and advice and please contact their staff directly. They can help you manage this churchyard for people and wildlife.
To learn more about all of the species recorded against this church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas. You can check the spread of records through the years, discovering what has been recorded and when, plus what discoveries might remain to be uncovered.
If any of the following species have been seen close to the Closed Church, it is important to seek advice from an expert. You will need to know if they are present now, and to follow expert recommendations when planning works. All of these species have specific legal protection as a recognition of their rarity. All of them are rare or becoming increasingly endangered, so it is important to ensure that management and other works do not adversely affect them. In addition, there may be things you can do to help these special species. N.B. Swift and House Martin do not have specific legal protection but are included, as roof repair works often impact breeding swifts and house martins which is against the law.
This is not a complete list of protected species, there are many more, but these are ones that are more likely to be found. All wild birds, their nests and eggs are also protected by law, as are all bats and veteran trees. In a few cases, species are considered particularly prone to disturbance or destruction by people, so the exact location of where they were recorded is not publicly available but can be requested. These ‘blurred’ records are included here, and the accuracy is to 1km. This means that the species has been recorded in close proximity to the
Closed Church, or a maximum of 1km away from it. As these ‘blurred’ species are quite mobile, there is a strong likelihood that they can occur close to the
Closed Church. To learn about these special species, use the link provided for each species in the table below
One important species which is not included here is the Peregrine Falcon. This is protected and advice should be sought if peregrines are nesting on a church or cathedral. Peregrine records are ‘blurred’ to 10km, hence the decision not to include records here. Remember too that species not seriously threatened nationally may still be at risk in your region and be sensitive to works. You should check with local experts about this. You may also need to seek advice about invasive species, such as Japanese knotweed and aquatics colonising streams or pools, which can spread in churchyards.
N.B. If a species is not recorded this does not indicate absence. It is always good practice to survey.
Caring for God’s Acre can help and support you in looking after the biodiversity present in this special place. If you know that any of these species occur close to the
Closed Church and are not recorded here, please contact Caring for God’s Acre with details (firstname.lastname@example.org).
To find out more about these and other species recorded against this
Closed Church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas.
The church was the centre of many people’s lives and remains a guide to their cares and concerns. Glimpses into those lives have often come down to us in the stories we heard as children or old photographs discovered in tattered shoe boxes. Perhaps your ancestors even made it into local legend following some fantastic event? You can choose to share those memories with others and record them for future generations on this Forum.
Tell us the story of this building through the lives of those who experienced it. Tell us why this church is important to you and your community.
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