This is the church’s legal name as given by the Church Commissioners.
A classification of the current status of the building
This is a unique identification number supplied to each church building by the Church Commissioners.
Name of diocese in which the church building is located at the time of entry.
Name of archdeaconry in which the church building is located at the time of entry
This is the legal name of the parish as given by the Church Commissioners.
Please enter a number
The decision to put a church building on the National Heritage List for England and assign it a listing grade is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is normally based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on the historic environment.
The decision to schedule a feature (building, monument, archaeological remains, etc.) located within the church building’s precinct or churchyard is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on cultural heritage.
National Parks are areas of countryside that include villages and towns, which are protected because of their beautiful countryside, wildlife and cultural heritage. In England, National Parks are designated by Natural England, the government’s advisor on the natural environment.
Conservation areas are places of special architectural or historic interest where it is desirable to preserve and enhance the character and appearance of such areas. Conservation Areas are designated by the Local Council.
The Heritage at Risk programme is run and managed by Historic England, the government’s advisor on cultural heritage. It aims to protect and manage the historic environment, so that the number of ‘at risk’ historic places and sites across England are reduced.
Selecting a single date for the construction of a church building can sometimes be very difficult as most CoE buildings have seen many phases of development over time. The CHR allows you to record a time period rather than a specific date.
The CHR records the time period for the building’s predominant fabric as opposed to the date of the earliest fabric or the church’s foundation date.
It seems to be the wrong photograph. Provided coordinates come up with another church on geograph.org.uk
2011, April 06
ICBS File Number - 04035
Coverage - 1850
Created by ?HAMBLEY, William: fl. 1839-50 of London;CLARKE, Joseph: b. c.1819 - d. 1888 of London
If you notice any errors with the below outlines of your connected churchyards, please email email@example.com with the corrections needed.
This could include information on new churchyards, edits to the boundaries shown, or different land characteristics.
We are working on adding the consecrated land found within local authority cemeteries, and in time, this data will be shown on the map.
The administrative area within which the church is located.
This field describes the setting of the church building, i.e. the surroundings in which the church building is experienced, and whether or not it makes a positive or negative contribution to the significance of the building.
Foulness is the largest of six islands forming an archipelago in south-east Essex. The island is bounded by the River Crouch to the north, the River Thames to the east and south and the River Roach and Shelford Creek to the west. The island is mostly in Ministry of Defence (MoD) ownership, which has protected it from development and made it a haven for wildlife, especially birds.
The church is located at the north-west end of the main village, known as Church End. It is set within a large churchyard encompassed by an attractive brick wall in Flemish bond (possibly older than the church) to a road to the south, to the weatherboarded 18th-century pub (threatened with closure) to the east and the old school (closed in the 80s and now the island’s Heritage Centre) to the north, and open to a 20th-century extension to the west, the old wall here having been broken through. The churchyard is laid to grass with hedges and trees contributing to an attractive space.
The main entrance is at the east end of the south wall, with a wrought-iron gate between moulded posts. There is a large stone World War I Memorial just inside the entrance, a column with ball finial, well carved, the names of the fallen on the base, added to after World War II. Behind this are several ancient grave markers which suggest the antiquity of the place, the oldest being of 1698, with several others of the 18th century, all of which are listed Grade II in their own right. Tradition asserts that the earlier church buildings were in this area immediately south of the present building, which seems plausible. There are also some small iron cross memorials.
Provide as written description of the ground plan of the church building and well as its dimensions.
South tower with porch. 5-bay aisled nave, 2-bay chancel and north vestry.
Nave estimated to be c 19m (60ft) x 5m (16ft), chancel 7m long (23 ft).
Very Large (>1000m2)
This field aims to record the archaeological potential of the wider area around the building and churchyard, as well as the history of site.
The church was built as a parish church in 1849-52 to the designs of William Hambley of London. It would appear to be the only church designed by this minor architect. It was partly paid for by George Finch, the lord of the manor who also gave land for the extension of the churchyard, with £50 donated by the Elders of Trinity House towards the construction of the spire (with the provision that the steeple be high enough to act as a landmark for navigation) and an ICBS grant; the plan submitted to them is identical to the building which now stands.
The first chapel was possibly built as early as the 12th century, but the first definite record is its establishment as a chantry chapel by and for “William Bohun once earl of Northampton, Humphrey his son late earl of Hereford, and all their progenitors and successors, and Simon de Sudberia bishop of London” in 1374. The chapel served what appears to have been a prosperous farming and fishing community, sheltered by sea walls erected in this period.
A timber-framed chapel was built after the Reformation when Foulness became an ecclesiastical parish (there is a list of incumbents dating to 1377, after the first chantry priest was installed), recorded by White’s Directory in 1848 as a plain building. Nothing appears to have survived from these earlier churches with the exception of the gravestones and some items (notably the bell), but the site has considerable archaeological potential.
This field aims to record a written description of the exterior of the church building and the churchyard.
The church is designed in the Early English style with lancets. The slender 3-stage south-west tower gives considerable vertical emphasis. It has an octagonal shingled spire topped by a globe finial, and hipped at the base. Under this the corbel table to the belfry has angle pilasters and a louvred lancet to each face, the pilasters rising from angle buttresses. The second stage has quatrefoiled roundels to the east and west faces. Diocletian recess with circular window within to the south face. Bands define the stages.
The lower stage serves as a porch, with a chamfered 2-centred arch to the doorway under a moulded label with King and Queen stops, and vertically boarded door with ornate hinges. Original iron lantern over doorway. Small lancet windows to side walls. Closer inspection as one approaches the porch reveals signs of decay; there are dead pigeons around the wall footings, along with rotting timbers and pieces of masonry. A sign on the door tells you the church is closed for worship.
The church stands on a plinth. The nave and aisles each have steeply pitched slate roofs, gabled to east and west. There are slender buttresses of two weatherings to all angles and bays. As noted already the windows are all pointed lancets, all windows have labels with real and stylised heads. Nave west window of two lights with quatrefoil head, pointed elliptical window in the gable. The aisle west windows are simple lancets, as are the windows to each aisle bay and the east ends. The doorway in the west bay of the north aisle has a 2-centred head, chamfered of two orders under a label with king and queen head stops, pediment over, vertically boarded door, and ornate strap hinges.
The chancel is narrower and lower than the nave. The east wall has a 3-light of stepped lancets with chamfered heads, the south wall a lancet to each bay. The cross finial to the chancel apex has fallen. The north vestry doorway has a shouldered (Caernarvon) head and vertically boarded door, and lancet to the east wall.
This field is an index of the building and its major components
This field is an index of the building’s material composition
This field aims to record a written description of the interior of the church building.
Within, the church is quite plain, with whitewashed walls. Pointed aisle arcades with moulded capitals and bases to alternate round and octagonal columns and responds. The roofs have purlins and ridge board construction with collars, moulded posts on corbels and moulded wall plates. Stone flag floors throughout except coloured tiles to the sanctuary, partly under red carpet. Panelled plain box pews, complete with doors. There is serious damp in several places, most notable at the west end, and obvious signs of rodent infestation.
The east end of the north aisle has a vestry behind the organ case, the latter attractively painted with trefoiled roundels. There is a simple 2-centred chancel arch. Square head to north vestry doorway, which has a table which may be 18th-century, with turned legs. The chancel has stained glass to the north and south windows imparting some colour, and a panelled wooden reredos. Plain bench choir stalls, ornately carved Bishop’s chair and other chair, plainer.
This field is an index of the building’s internal, architectural components. This includes its internal spaces and those areas’ fixtures and fittings (building components which are securely fixed to the church or cathedral).
This field is an index of the building’s movable, non-fixed furnishings and artworks.
This field aims to record a description of the ecology of the churchyard and surrounding setting.
The everyday wildlife of burial grounds means much to those who visit and cherish them but many burial grounds are so rich in wildlife that they should be designated and specially protected. Few have the legal protection of a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) or, in the case of local authority owned cemeteries, Local Nature Reserve. This makes it even more important that they are cared for and protected by the people looking after them.
Many have a non-statutory designation as a recognition of their importance. These non-statutory designations have a variety of names in different regions including Local Wildlife Site, County Wildlife Site, Site of Importance for Nature Conservation or Site of Nature Conservation Importance (Local Wildlife Site is the most common name). Their selection is based on records of the most important, distinctive and threatened species and habitats within a national, regional and local context. This makes them some of our most valuable wildlife areas.
For example, many burial grounds which are designated as Local Wildlife Sites contain species-rich meadow, rich in wildflowers, native grasses and grassland fungi managed by only occasional mowing plus raking. When this is the case, many animals may be present too, insects, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals. This type of grassland was once widespread and has been almost entirely lost from the UK with approximately 3% remaining, so burial grounds with species-rich meadow managed in this way are extremely important for wildlife.
These designations should be considered when planning management or change.
If you think that this or any other burial ground should be designated please contact Caring for God’s Acre (firstname.lastname@example.org) to discuss. Many eligible sites have not yet received a designation and can be surveyed and then submitted for consideration.
There are no SSSIs within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
There are no Local nature reserves within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
There are no Local Wildlife sites within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
This field aims to record any evidence of the presence of bats in the church building or churchyard.
This field records basic information about the presence of a churchyard and its use as a burial ground.
There are no Scheduled Monuments within the curtilage of this Closed Church.
Churchyards are home to fantastic trees, in particular ancient and veteran trees which can be the oldest indication of a sacred space and be features of extraordinary individuality. The UK holds a globally important population of ancient and veteran yew trees of which three-quarters are found in the churchyards of England and Wales.
There are more than 1,000 ancient and veteran yews aged at least 500 years in these churchyards.
To put this in context, the only other part of western Europe with a known significant yew population is Normandy in northern France, where more than 100 ancient or veteran churchyard yews have been recorded.
Burial grounds may contain veteran and ancient trees of other species such as sweet chestnut or small-leaved lime which, whilst maybe not so old as the yews, are still important for wildlife and may be home to many other species.
Specialist advice is needed when managing these wonderful trees. For more information or to seek advice please contact Caring for God’s Acre, The Ancient Yew Group and The Woodland Trust.
If you know of an ancient or veteran tree in a burial ground that is not listed here please contact Caring for God’s Acre.
There are currently no Ancient, Veteran or Notable trees connected to this Closed Church
This field is an index of the churchyard’s components.
Significance is the whole set of reasons why people value a church, whether as a place for worship and mission, as an historic building that is part of the national heritage, as a focus for the local community, as a familiar landmark or for any other reasons.
This information forms part of the Shrinking the Footprint project.
All of the species listed below have been recorded in close proximity to the
. A few species which are particularly threatened and affected by disturbance may not be listed here because their exact location cannot be shared.
NOTE: Be aware that this dataset is growing, and the species totals may change once the National Biodiversity Network has added further records. Species may be present but not recorded and still await discovery.
Caring for God’s Acre is a conservation charity working to support groups and individuals to investigate, care for, and enjoy the wildlife and heritage treasures found within churchyards and other burial grounds. Look on their website for information and advice and please contact their staff directly. They can help you manage this churchyard for people and wildlife.
To learn more about all of the species recorded against this church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas. You can check the spread of records through the years, discovering what has been recorded and when, plus what discoveries might remain to be uncovered.
If any of the following species have been seen close to the Closed Church, it is important to seek advice from an expert. You will need to know if they are present now, and to follow expert recommendations when planning works. All of these species have specific legal protection as a recognition of their rarity. All of them are rare or becoming increasingly endangered, so it is important to ensure that management and other works do not adversely affect them. In addition, there may be things you can do to help these special species. N.B. Swift and House Martin do not have specific legal protection but are included, as roof repair works often impact breeding swifts and house martins which is against the law.
This is not a complete list of protected species, there are many more, but these are ones that are more likely to be found. All wild birds, their nests and eggs are also protected by law, as are all bats and veteran trees. In a few cases, species are considered particularly prone to disturbance or destruction by people, so the exact location of where they were recorded is not publicly available but can be requested. These ‘blurred’ records are included here, and the accuracy is to 1km. This means that the species has been recorded in close proximity to the
Closed Church, or a maximum of 1km away from it. As these ‘blurred’ species are quite mobile, there is a strong likelihood that they can occur close to the
Closed Church. To learn about these special species, use the link provided for each species in the table below
One important species which is not included here is the Peregrine Falcon. This is protected and advice should be sought if peregrines are nesting on a church or cathedral. Peregrine records are ‘blurred’ to 10km, hence the decision not to include records here. Remember too that species not seriously threatened nationally may still be at risk in your region and be sensitive to works. You should check with local experts about this. You may also need to seek advice about invasive species, such as Japanese knotweed and aquatics colonising streams or pools, which can spread in churchyards.
N.B. If a species is not recorded this does not indicate absence. It is always good practice to survey.
Caring for God’s Acre can help and support you in looking after the biodiversity present in this special place. If you know that any of these species occur close to the
Closed Church and are not recorded here, please contact Caring for God’s Acre with details (email@example.com).
To find out more about these and other species recorded against this
Closed Church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas.
The church was the centre of many people’s lives and remains a guide to their cares and concerns. Glimpses into those lives have often come down to us in the stories we heard as children or old photographs discovered in tattered shoe boxes. Perhaps your ancestors even made it into local legend following some fantastic event? You can choose to share those memories with others and record them for future generations on this Forum.
Tell us the story of this building through the lives of those who experienced it. Tell us why this church is important to you and your community.
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