This is the church’s legal name as given by the Church Commissioners.
A classification of the current status of the building
This is a unique identification number supplied to each church building by the Church Commissioners.
Name of diocese in which the church building is located at the time of entry.
Name of archdeaconry in which the church building is located at the time of entry
This is the legal name of the parish as given by the Church Commissioners.
Please enter a number
The decision to put a church building on the National Heritage List for England and assign it a listing grade is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is normally based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on the historic environment.
The decision to schedule a feature (building, monument, archaeological remains, etc.) located within the church building’s precinct or churchyard is made by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The decision is based on recommendations made by Historic England, the government’s adviser on cultural heritage.
National Parks are areas of countryside that include villages and towns, which are protected because of their beautiful countryside, wildlife and cultural heritage. In England, National Parks are designated by Natural England, the government’s advisor on the natural environment.
Conservation areas are places of special architectural or historic interest where it is desirable to preserve and enhance the character and appearance of such areas. Conservation Areas are designated by the Local Council.
The Heritage at Risk programme is run and managed by Historic England, the government’s advisor on cultural heritage. It aims to protect and manage the historic environment, so that the number of ‘at risk’ historic places and sites across England are reduced.
Selecting a single date for the construction of a church building can sometimes be very difficult as most CoE buildings have seen many phases of development over time. The CHR allows you to record a time period rather than a specific date.
The CHR records the time period for the building’s predominant fabric as opposed to the date of the earliest fabric or the church’s foundation date.
If you notice any errors with the below outlines of your connected churchyards, please email email@example.com with the corrections needed.
This could include information on new churchyards, edits to the boundaries shown, or different land characteristics.
We are working on adding the consecrated land found within local authority cemeteries, and in time, this data will be shown on the map.
The administrative area within which the church is located.
This field describes the setting of the church building, i.e. the surroundings in which the church building is experienced, and whether or not it makes a positive or negative contribution to the significance of the building.
Saxton is a small rural village in North Yorkshire situated about 15 miles from York and 12 miles from Leeds. It is surrounded by mainly agricultural land. The resident population of the civil parish of Saxton with Scarthingwell is approximately 590. It is close to the Battlefield of Towton (Wars of the Roses 1461).
The church is dedicated to All Saints, in the Deanery of Selby and the Diocese of York and is listed Grade I. It is of medium size, set on elevated ground in the centre of the village. It is the only remaining place of worship in the village.
The extensive surrounding churchyard is consecrated and is still used for burials.
Adjacent to the churchyard is the Church of England (Voluntary Controlled) primary school.
The north boundary wall runs along Dam Lane, the east boundary wall runs along Main Street, the south boundary adjoins the Greyhound Inn public house, Church Farm and Saxton CE Primary School. The west boundary adjoins the school. Pedestrian access is from Main Street and Dam Lane.
Provide as written description of the ground plan of the church building and well as its dimensions.
Very Large (>1000m2)
This field aims to record the archaeological potential of the wider area around the building and churchyard, as well as the history of site.
A stone cross head, which has been dated to the 10th or 11th century, is evidence that there was a place of worship on the site in Saxon times, although nothing remains of the original building. The Normans originally built the nave, chancel and tower in the late 12th century. The building has been altered and restored over the years but there remains some architectural evidence of the period.
The Hungate family added the south chapel to the original Norman nave around 1290. It was dedicated to St Mary and was the burial place for the family. A licence for a chaplain was granted in 1292 by Henry de Lacy (the landowner).
The church tower was refaced in the late 15th century and restored during the mid 19thcentury and in 1907.
In 1876 a Victorian restoration raised the floor level, replaced the pews, reflagged the nave, tiled the chancel floor, and repaired and replastered walls. An organ was placed in the Hungate chapel.
1907 - Plaster was removed from the internal walls. The stone cross was placed on the east gable end. The chancel and sanctuary walls were rebuttressed.
1943 – Organ moved from the Hungate chapel to the west end tower
1945 – Vestry demolished
1946/47 - Stone font repositioned from the tower baptistery.
1948 – New vestry was completed using some of the old stone.
1950 – War memorial built in churchyard by British Legion.
1960 – Roof reslated and stonework remortared.
1980’s – Boiler house demolished and the current one built
1981 – The bells were restored and rehung
1995 - Following a lightning strike, the roof and parts of the tower belfry were replaced.
This field aims to record a written description of the exterior of the church building and the churchyard.
The accommodation briefly comprises:
Nave (of 4 bays)
South (Hungate) Chapel (of 2 bays)
South Porch with attached boiler house
Vestry to the north of the Chancel
The chapel is built of coursed rubble. Externally the chapel is of 3 bays divided by buttresses with diagonal corner buttresses at east and west ends. The south wall has 3
2-light traceried windows. A larger 2-light traceried window features at the east end, and a smaller 2-light window at high level at the west end. All of the windows are plain glazed with the exception of the centre window on the south elevation which contains stained glass.
The level of the roof has been raised at some point as evidenced by the change in coursing. The lower section of the south and east walls are part rendered. There is evidence of a former doorway in the south wall. An air grille at the base of the east wall presumably ventilates the floor void.
This field is an index of the building and its major components
This field is an index of the building’s material composition
This field aims to record a written description of the interior of the church building.
The south chapel joins the nave, separated by a two-bay arcade. The interior is similar to that of the nave with a similar roof, dating to 1908 and exposed masonry walls. The majority of the floor is occupied by a large timber pew platform and altar dais. There is a narrow stone flag aisle running north – south. A cast iron heating pipe runs along the aisle at the side of the pew platform.
The majority of the pews have been removed and a loose carpet fitted to provide an area for children’s activities and worship. The altar table and rails are by Robert Thompson (the ‘mouseman’).
The nave is a large uninterrupted space with exposed roof structure, exposed stone walls and stone flag floor with pews on timber platforms. There is a central single aisle. The roof is understood to date from 1908 and is somewhat ‘Arts and Crafts’ in style.
The walls are of exposed coursed rubble stone which have been pointed with a dark cementitious mortar. There is a three-light window to the right of the south door and a narrow lancet to the left. On the opposite north wall are two two-light windows.
Large diameter cast-iron heating pipes run along the edge of the pew platforms, along the central aisle with a cast-iron radiator in the north east corner of the nave and two further radiators near the font. The heating pipes return along the side walls.
This is one of the most prominent external elevations of the building, comprising a large wall of coursed rubble stonework with two lancet windows, one to the choir and one to the sanctuary. Between the two, the former chancel south doorway has been walled up.
Inside, the chancel floor is set at a higher level to that of the nave and is approached via two steps. The interior is of a similar style to that of the nave with a continuation of the 1908 roof structure, exposed masonry walls, but on this occasion a floor of decorative and encaustic tiling. The walls feature a collection of monuments to the Hungate Family.
The West Tower:
The structure is a tall two stage tower with diagonal buttresses. The roof is a pyramidal timber structure covered with Westmoreland slates. There are four gilded open clock faces on the external north, south and west elevations
The belfry contains a ring of three bells. Set below the belfry is the ringing chamber which contains the clock mechanism. The belfry and ringing chamber are accessed from the south via a stone spiral staircase
The tower base is accessed from the nave and is mainly occupied by the organ which is set within the organ loft.
The vestry is a small lean-to single storey addition on the north side of the chancel.
The South Porch and Boiler House:
This is a simple stone built structure with stone slate roof, which abuts the west wall of the south chapel. It was undoubtedly built to protect the Norman south door.
Internally, the porch has an exposed timber roof and a stone flag floor. A timber framed and panelled door leads into the nave. Abutting the west side of the porch is a small stone lean-to boiler house which was constructed approximately 15 years ago.
This field is an index of the building’s internal, architectural components. This includes its internal spaces and those areas’ fixtures and fittings (building components which are securely fixed to the church or cathedral).
This field is an index of the building’s movable, non-fixed furnishings and artworks.
This field aims to record a description of the ecology of the churchyard and surrounding setting.
The everyday wildlife of burial grounds means much to those who visit and cherish them but many burial grounds are so rich in wildlife that they should be designated and specially protected. Few have the legal protection of a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) or, in the case of local authority owned cemeteries, Local Nature Reserve. This makes it even more important that they are cared for and protected by the people looking after them.
Many have a non-statutory designation as a recognition of their importance. These non-statutory designations have a variety of names in different regions including Local Wildlife Site, County Wildlife Site, Site of Importance for Nature Conservation or Site of Nature Conservation Importance (Local Wildlife Site is the most common name). Their selection is based on records of the most important, distinctive and threatened species and habitats within a national, regional and local context. This makes them some of our most valuable wildlife areas.
For example, many burial grounds which are designated as Local Wildlife Sites contain species-rich meadow, rich in wildflowers, native grasses and grassland fungi managed by only occasional mowing plus raking. When this is the case, many animals may be present too, insects, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals. This type of grassland was once widespread and has been almost entirely lost from the UK with approximately 3% remaining, so burial grounds with species-rich meadow managed in this way are extremely important for wildlife.
These designations should be considered when planning management or change.
If you think that this or any other burial ground should be designated please contact Caring for God’s Acre (firstname.lastname@example.org) to discuss. Many eligible sites have not yet received a designation and can be surveyed and then submitted for consideration.
There are no SSSIs within the curtilage of this Church.
There are no Local nature reserves within the curtilage of this Church.
There are no Local Wildlife sites within the curtilage of this Church.
This field aims to record any evidence of the presence of bats in the church building or churchyard.
This field records basic information about the presence of a churchyard and its use as a burial ground.
There are no Scheduled Monuments within the curtilage of this Church.
Churchyards are home to fantastic trees, in particular ancient and veteran trees which can be the oldest indication of a sacred space and be features of extraordinary individuality. The UK holds a globally important population of ancient and veteran yew trees of which three-quarters are found in the churchyards of England and Wales.
There are more than 1,000 ancient and veteran yews aged at least 500 years in these churchyards.
To put this in context, the only other part of western Europe with a known significant yew population is Normandy in northern France, where more than 100 ancient or veteran churchyard yews have been recorded.
Burial grounds may contain veteran and ancient trees of other species such as sweet chestnut or small-leaved lime which, whilst maybe not so old as the yews, are still important for wildlife and may be home to many other species.
Specialist advice is needed when managing these wonderful trees. For more information or to seek advice please contact Caring for God’s Acre, The Ancient Yew Group and The Woodland Trust.
If you know of an ancient or veteran tree in a burial ground that is not listed here please contact Caring for God’s Acre.
There are currently no Ancient, Veteran or Notable trees connected to this Church
This field is an index of the churchyard’s components.
Significance is the whole set of reasons why people value a church, whether as a place for worship and mission, as an historic building that is part of the national heritage, as a focus for the local community, as a familiar landmark or for any other reasons.
This information forms part of the Shrinking the Footprint project.
All of the species listed below have been recorded in close proximity to the
. A few species which are particularly threatened and affected by disturbance may not be listed here because their exact location cannot be shared.
NOTE: Be aware that this dataset is growing, and the species totals may change once the National Biodiversity Network has added further records. Species may be present but not recorded and still await discovery.
Caring for God’s Acre is a conservation charity working to support groups and individuals to investigate, care for, and enjoy the wildlife and heritage treasures found within churchyards and other burial grounds. Look on their website for information and advice and please contact their staff directly. They can help you manage this churchyard for people and wildlife.
To learn more about all of the species recorded against this church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas. You can check the spread of records through the years, discovering what has been recorded and when, plus what discoveries might remain to be uncovered.
If any of the following species have been seen close to the Church, it is important to seek advice from an expert. You will need to know if they are present now, and to follow expert recommendations when planning works. All of these species have specific legal protection as a recognition of their rarity. All of them are rare or becoming increasingly endangered, so it is important to ensure that management and other works do not adversely affect them. In addition, there may be things you can do to help these special species. N.B. Swift and House Martin do not have specific legal protection but are included, as roof repair works often impact breeding swifts and house martins which is against the law.
This is not a complete list of protected species, there are many more, but these are ones that are more likely to be found. All wild birds, their nests and eggs are also protected by law, as are all bats and veteran trees. In a few cases, species are considered particularly prone to disturbance or destruction by people, so the exact location of where they were recorded is not publicly available but can be requested. These ‘blurred’ records are included here, and the accuracy is to 1km. This means that the species has been recorded in close proximity to the
Church, or a maximum of 1km away from it. As these ‘blurred’ species are quite mobile, there is a strong likelihood that they can occur close to the
Church. To learn about these special species, use the link provided for each species in the table below
One important species which is not included here is the Peregrine Falcon. This is protected and advice should be sought if peregrines are nesting on a church or cathedral. Peregrine records are ‘blurred’ to 10km, hence the decision not to include records here. Remember too that species not seriously threatened nationally may still be at risk in your region and be sensitive to works. You should check with local experts about this. You may also need to seek advice about invasive species, such as Japanese knotweed and aquatics colonising streams or pools, which can spread in churchyards.
N.B. If a species is not recorded this does not indicate absence. It is always good practice to survey.
Caring for God’s Acre can help and support you in looking after the biodiversity present in this special place. If you know that any of these species occur close to the
Church and are not recorded here, please contact Caring for God’s Acre with details (email@example.com).
To find out more about these and other species recorded against this
Church, go to the Burial Ground Portal within the NBN Atlas.
The church was the centre of many people’s lives and remains a guide to their cares and concerns. Glimpses into those lives have often come down to us in the stories we heard as children or old photographs discovered in tattered shoe boxes. Perhaps your ancestors even made it into local legend following some fantastic event? You can choose to share those memories with others and record them for future generations on this Forum.
Tell us the story of this building through the lives of those who experienced it. Tell us why this church is important to you and your community.
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